OUR THINKING: HOW SOCIAL INNOVATION IS DEEPLY MĀORI

In this article, Kataraina, one of our Project Leaders at innovate change reflects on her journey into social innovation. This is the first in a three-part blog series with her reflections on the deep connections between the tikanga and practice of social innovation and Te Ao Māori.

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Social innovation is the process of designing, developing and growing ideas, products, services, strategies and organisations that work to address unmet social needs. It is not just about reaching an outcome, it’s also about developing capability within organisations, communities and individuals to better respond to the social challenges they face now and in the future. Co-design is both a method and a mindset. It is a way of gathering lots of different perspectives, insights and experiences to work together toward better solutions.

 

Ko Maungakiekie te maunga
Ko Waitemata te moana
Ko Māhuhu ki te rangi te waka
Ko Orākei te marae
Ko Tumutumuwhenua te whare tupuna
Ko Te Taou te hapū
No reira, ko Ngāti Whātua te iwi
Ki te taha o tōku Pāpā
Ko Wiremu Piriniha Reweti rāua ko Kane Nepu Paora ōku mātua tupuna
Ki te taha o tōku Māmā
Ko Rakau Mohi Pita rāua ko Tui Kataraina Hetaraka ōku mātua tupuna
Ko Wiremu Henare Toka Davis rāua ko Jean Davis ōku mātua
Ko Kataraina Davis tōku ingoa.

When I am asked, “what do you like about social innovation or co-design, and what is its value for Māori?”, after being in this space for close to two years, my answer is this:

Māori have been innovating for generations. History shows, there was a need to work together, be creative, take risks, and be comfortable in ambiguity to ensure the continuation of our people - Ngai Māori. Māori are innovating everyday and social innovation allows and encourages us to live and breath our daily practices while addressing social challenges for the betterment of our people.

Social innovation is articulated through this Māori proverb.

“E hara taku toa i te toa takitahi, engari he toa takimano, takitini”
Success is not the work of one, but the work of many.

In October 2015, I found myself at a crossroads. My beautiful father, who I lived with and looked after, had just (in May) passed. I questioned my purpose and what steps to take for my own development, while still providing for my family. With the encouragement from my whānau, close friends and colleagues, I decided to take the risk, after 12 years, to move from my beloved sexual health promotion post with Auckland Sexual Health Service, and apply for the Māori Project Lead role here at innovate change.

Social innovation was a brand new space for me, or, so I thought. I thought I knew nothing. Prior to my interview and first step into the social innovation space, I rapidly immersed myself into everything I could find with the hope to understand just enough. To try and compare the knowledge I had from my own life experiences, te reo Māori me ōna tikanga, and from working in a health system. I looked for examples of where social innovation might align with me, to articulate what this new space was. I was attempting to learn a new language, in a very short space of time. I found a multitude of social innovation concepts, methodologies, models and practises that aligned with what I connect to most - my Māoritanga.

To build this picture, I will compare 5 key Māori values, principles, or ways of being that are brought to life by co-design.

Rangatiratanga (noun) chieftainship, right to exercise authority.

“Hapaitia te ara tika pumau ai te rangatiratanga mo nga uri whakatipu”.
Foster the pathway of knowledge to strength, independence and growth for future generations.

Social innovation allows for those who will benefit from the result of a social innovation process to achieve autonomy over their own lives and what is designed by them and for them. This is achieved through allowing all voices to be heard, and all people to be experts in their own lives, through a commitment to participatory practice. A commitment to creativity that enables agility throughout a process, leaving room to adapt quickly and increase accessibility to participate.

Manaakitanga (noun) hospitality, kindness, generosity, support - the process of showing respect, generosity and care for others. 

“He tangata takahi manuhiri, he marae puehu”
A person who mistreats his guest has a dusty Marae.

Social innovation enhances mana - it validates and gives value to all stories shared with us. Co-design workshops are built on showing manaaki through hospitality. Ensuring everyone is comfortable; privacy and confidentiality is maintained; transparency is encouraged and activities or ways of working are accessible.

Ako (verb) to learn, study, instruct, teach, advise.

“Kei a tatou anō te ara tika”
The answers are within us.

Social innovation encourages a continuous cycle of learning, asking the question, “do we really know enough?”. It calls for innovation, creativity, and curiosity through:

  • Kōrero (Talking)
  • Whakarongo (Listening)
  • Wānanga (Gatherings to learn or forums)
  • Uiui (Questioning)

It requires questioning and listening with intent to fill your 3 kete of knowledge, using multiple methods of co-design to allow for all who will benefit from what is designed, to participate.

Whanaungatanga (noun) relationship, kinship, sense of family connection.

“He reo e rangona, engari he kanohi kitea”
 
A voice may be heard, but a face needs to be seen.

Co-design relies on relationships and networks. To begin with, there is a need to build enduring relationships without intent, having a cups of tea, investing time and resource into your relationships. Secondly, while co-design can be rapid and the resource of time is not always freely available, there is a still a commitment to giving the time to build the rapport needed to work meaningfully together.

And lastly;

Tangata Whenuatanga (noun) indigenous people - people born of the land.

Co-designing in Aotearoa requires a genuine and active commitment to reducing inequality for tangata whenua of Aotearoa - my people, Ngāi Māori. How might we enable ways for Māori to participate in processes from research phase through to the implementation of a ‘thing’? How might we always honour Te Tiriti o Waitangi in our way of being, and practice? Who do we know that can help us to build capability in this area?

At innovate change I hear these questions being asked constantly, I see our daily commitment to being a bi-cultural agency, and therefore I feel our growth as a team, and organisation towards achieving cultural competency. Acknowledging that this is an everlasting journey. In part two of this series I will illustrate how innovate change works towards decreasing inequality for and with Māori, and the work that takes place to build our capability around bi-cultural practice.

I believe social innovation embodies my first whakatauki:

“E hara taku toa i te toa takitahi, engari he toa takimano, takitini”

Through all the values, ways of being and working mentioned earlier,  social innovation and co-design acknowledges that there is a need for all to participate fully and meaningfully. These approaches generate buy in from those who participate, enabling kotahitanga (unity) and a sense of ownership to move forward together. The result is something designed with meaning and intent to serve the people we are designing for, alongside us, and always in heart and mind.

Nei ra aku mihi ki a koutou,

Kataraina


 

NEWS: INNOVATION UNIT PARTNERSHIP

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We are delighted to announce that we have entered into a formal partnership with the Innovation Unit.

The Innovation Unit is one of the leading social innovation organisations in the world. It grew out of the UK Department for Education eleven years ago as a social enterprise that grows new solutions for thriving societies, and seeks bold change that enables thriving youth, thriving families and thriving communities. Innovation Unit works globally with bases in Australia and the United Kingdom. 

The Innovation Unit has worked with government agencies and district health boards in New Zealand, and three of their directors, David AlburyValerie Hannon and Anthony MacKay will be well known to many of our colleagues.

The Innovation Unit and innovate change have incredibly strong mission, values, and mindset alignment. We want to see similar change in our communities and societies. We know that we can have far more impact in the Asia Pacific region if we work together. So we have formed a partnership to do just that - working together to enable youth development/thriving youth; positive ageing; thriving communities and thriving families/whānau well-being.

Our partnership means we will share staff; have joint teams working on some projects and programmes; learn from, and support, each other; and collaborate to develop social innovation practice in the Asia Pacific region.

October 2017

NEWS: NEW SOCIAL INNOVATORS JOIN THE TEAM

We are delighted to welcome five new social innovators to the innovate change whānau. We are welcoming a new new board and a new General Manager.

 The new  innovate change   crew 

The new innovate change  crew 

We are forming a governance team to provide wisdom, advice, connections and oversight of our organisation. Our advisory board will: 

  • support our staff to bring our mission to life: to use creative and participatory approaches to build social connectedness that enables youth development, positive ageing and whānau well-being

  • ensure we operate as a not-for-profit social enterprise, and that any profit that is made is reinvested into achieving our mission

  • support our Director to make sure we act as a good and just employer

  • support our General Manager and Director to form partnerships that will advance our mission and lead to more thriving communities, families and societies

  • provide connections that may grow our work and impact.

 
As we strive to bring our cultural competency framework (which includes a bi-cultural commitment) and a commitment to young people to life as we form this advisory board, we are: 

  • bringing on people with great governance experience alongside younger people with less governance experience (with the goal to grow a next generation of leaders)

  • seeking to have two of the four positions on our board held by Māori.


We are thrilled to welcome Kate Frykberg, Atawhai Tibble, Apenti Eruera Tamanui-Frasen, and Karan Kalsi to join Simon in making up our new advisory board.   

We’ve also welcomed Aimee Hadrup as our new General Manager. Aimee joined us directly from a year parenting Charlie, and from the Ministry of Health where she has played a senior role in the establishment of Healthy Families NZ. Aimee’s government and public health background will be a massive asset to us. She will lead the operational management of our organisation and play a senior role in business development and our social innovation work.

You can find out more about Kate, Atawhai, Apenti, Karan and Aimee here.

June 2017

 

OUR THINKING: WHERE ARE WE HEADED? SOCIAL INNOVATION IN 2027

This article is authored by Kelly Ann Cunningham, based on her keynote presentation from the 2017 Design for Social Innovation Symposium in Ōtautahi. It was originally published on Medium

"How might we encounter each other in new ways, that fix each other less, demean each other less, and allow for new potential to emerge” Christian Penny


While good-intentioned, designers can be guilty of designing people in and out of opportunities for decision making. The very same criticisms we often have for others.

Sometimes we carry out deep formative research and generous prototyping, while leaving the ideation, detailed concept development, implementation and delivery to designers and other professionals. We do that, because that’s what we’re skilled at. Right?

Sure, designers and other professionals have immense value. However, there’s an opportunity for us to be really honest about what we’re trying to achieve in the work of ‘social’ innovation, which, in many ways is so very different to commercial innovation.

Design for social innovation is an act of service, not merely a service.

This article explores  eight observations on what appears to be emerging in the field of social innovation. What may be holding us back, propelling us forward, and where we might be headed with design, and co-design practice.

 

1. The fallacy of designing for everyone

In social innovation we’re looking to increase the agency of those systematically excluded from decision making and who have likely been socialised as passive recipients of policies, programmes and services. In social innovation, we’re looking to radically improve the lives of those who experience unacceptable levels of disparity — be it in health, social, economic or educational outcomes. In social innovation we’re designing for extremes, not everyone.

In extremes, we find magic. Positive deviance, people who have developed extraordinary thriving strategies, despite the adverse conditions of their lives. We all benefit when we improve the experiences of those who experience the most significant barriers to health, happiness, and lives full of opportunities to prosper.

Innovation challenges, funds and social labs are often set up with an expectation that those we’re trying to serve will come forward. Forgetting experiences of whakamā, feelings of inadequacy, fear, the impact of ‘passive recipient’ socialisation on one’s sense of self-efficacy.

‘Put it out there and they’ll come’ just doesn’t hold up if we’re looking to meaningfully engage those who experience the most disparity, the greatest disconnection. We simply hear from those already engaged. Putting ourselves out there requires bravery, and an intrinsic belief that we matter.

What’s needed? Initial work to build self efficacy, and prime for trust. Taking the basic community development principle of meeting people where they are. Sometimes, we’re not the best people to do that work. Therefore, instead of running an innovation challenge, or lab, we’re running a challenge to build people’s sense of self-efficacy, confidence, social connections — of which one output may be pitching an idea for an innovation challenge.

Different to commercial innovation, within a design for social innovation context we have the chance to begin building capacity, and setting the conditions for social change from the moment we begin. We cannot afford to wait until after insights have been found, ideas discovered, tested and refined. By that point, we’ve missed a significant opportunity to build capacity and ownership.

 

2. A growing focus on capability building

In 2027, we’ll focus as much on capability building, if not more, as we do on facilitating a design process.

While it’s not easy building capability or self-efficacy, as social innovators we must be in the business of capability building if we’re to be a practice that actively promotes empowerment, inclusion and community led action — as opposed to further exclusion.
 

3. Safe, learning, loved — predictions for co-design

A dear friend who is an early childhood educator shared the principles of their centre:

  • safe
  • learning
  • loved

Is co-design is dissimilar? At the heart of participatory design, is the opportunity for us to learn about ourselves, from others, and create new knowledge together.

As humans, we need to feel safe in order to use the creative centre of our brains. When we feel unsafe, our biology hijacks our ability to be creative. True for many people we’re designing with is a lowered ability to feel safe due to trauma, feeling a lack fairness, autonomy, an understanding of what is happening and why, and/or the pressure to perform. These things don’t go away when we take part in a co-design experience. If anything, they’re often amplified.

As designers, what do we really know about people keeping safe? What might we learn more about? How might disciplines such as neuroscience inform our design approach?

Some of our greatest hurdles in bringing decision makers, front-line workers, people and their whānau affected by a problem together productively — is time and interest. With time, we’re constrained by busy lives, jobs that are hard and expensive to step away from. With interest, we sometimes lack a genuine interest and curiosity for each others lives.

Bringing disparate groups together can feel hollow, and fail to generate the thick, and strong networks we need for social change to happen and be sustained.

How might we ensure that those we’re engaging with, are learning about themselves and each other?

How might you love your co-designers? How might they love each other, and the work they have to do together?

 

4. From designer-led, to peer-led

The goal of social innovation, co-design practice, cannot be great participation experiences. Rather, it must be genuinely recognising people as experts in their lives. What do we do with experts? We give them jobs and we pay them accordingly. For co-design to be really genuine, people need meaningful roles (where there is interest and willingness). Both in the creation of, and delivery of solutions. This might be drawing and building on methods such as peer-to-peer research, peer-to-peer delivery.

Social innovation teams in the future could look really different. We might focus less on hiring designers and design graduates, and more on finding people with natural mindsets of curiosity, empathy, a willingness to be in the grey, who have lived experience and are as diverse as the communities we’re looking to support. For social innovation to be of Aotearoa we must see more social innovation capacity among Māori, Iwi, and Pacific people.

Instead of designers and design researchers gathering insights, ideating, developing and testing prototypes, in 2027 we’ll see far more of this being designer supported, but peer led.

There are a range of social innovations incorporating a peer to peer approach in their design, and delivery. Peer to peer action is powerful and the solutions we’re seeing grown in response to child protection, ageing, caring, family violence — are all reflecting that. Some of these are Family by Family and Weavers from the Australian Centre for Social Innovation, The expert patients programme in the UK, and our very own SKIP Waitakere .

 

5. Better, together — systems empathy, and user empathy

Designers cannot go at it alone. Design expertise is needed alongside content knowledge (e.g. ageing, child protection, health, youth development) and experts through lived experience. We’re seeing powerful solutions be developed by teams who work in partnership between content, process (design), systems-change expertise, and lived experience.

In 2027, I doubt we’ll see any agencies, groups or gatherings of people comprised of designers only. Whoever they are, there will certainly be no one going at it alone.

Social change happens when we have empathy and understanding for the lives of people, the systems that contribute to those lives, and practically, how change happens in complex structures.

 

6. It’s not enough to ‘just bring the process’

It’s not enough to say “oh, we just bring the process”, complex challenges need and deserve more than that. Designers are being asked to leave spaces they where they can’t demonstrate deep understanding, and in doing so fail to build trust and credibility with key influencers.

We need user empathy and system empathy, as well as an understanding of how to work with key influencers, and create change within complex structures. Whether the complexity is real, or imagined, we must demonstrate knowledge and care of it to build trust.

Instead of moving from university, into design agencies we might see more designers spending time working in the sectors they’re attempting to influence, developing that empathy, understanding and trust. When we have that trust, we can be provocative in a way that is heard. Effective.

Sometimes we’re frustrated with managers, leaders and frontline workers for not wanting change as much as we do. We think disruption should be desired, while forgetting how deeply painful being disrupted is.

To develop trust people need to know we understand, and empathise with them, not only the people they’re attempting to serve.
 

7. Fighting the tyranny of scale

The challenge of scale is immense. As the Innovation Unit describe, the challenge of being ‘stuck onsite’ where we do a significant work to discover down the track that what has been developed cannot be scaled further. When we’re looking for radical change, when we need it, we need scale, not only the niche. 
 
We’re noticing two main contrasting approaches to scale:

  • start with scale
  • start small, prototype with scale in mind, then attempt scale.

Where we’re seeing success in scale largely but not exclusively, in the former. Starting with it. When we start with scale, we’re deliberate about building infrastructure and strong relationships. Communities of practice, champions, advocates, and sound business models.

Perhaps we’ll battle the tyranny of scale, through setting out to scale, every time. We might do this through still holding the local with tenderness, remembering we cannot simply transplant models that worked in one place, at a moment in time, with a range of unique and non-unique conditions.
 

8. Conditions for social innovation to thrive

Simply. Good investment and bold leadership.

Bold leaders convince others that social innovation is worth investing in, a worthy and reliable investment.

Bold and skilled social innovation leaders support teams to be in ambiguity, while not being swallowed up by it. To act on emerging opportunities, while understanding that more projects doesn’t necessarily create more impact. To have safe, culturally competent and participatory practices, without dogma or jargon that leads to inflexibility and confusion.

Naturally. Obviously. We need good investment. What can make investing in social innovation hard isn’t always that we don’t have the cash, but that to get it we often have to stop spending elsewhere. We have to stop doing things that don’t work, in favour of those that do. Bold leadership enables this too.


What are you dreaming of and hoping for? What are your predictions for social innovation in 2027? We'd love to hear over on Facebook, or Twitter.

MINDSET: LEARNING BY DOING

Ako - mā tini mā mano ka rapa te whai - learning by doing is one of our five mindsets for social innovation. 


A preference for learning by doing is a key mindset for social innovation. A mindset is a way of being and thinking, rather than a tool or method. Mindsets prompt us to think about who we are and how we are while doing the ‘work’, in contrast to the methods we’re using to get us there.

At its core, learning by doing is a preference for action. A preference for doing, making learning, and experimenting - over talking and having meetings. Effective solutions evolve through iterative cycles of trying and reflecting. To do that, we favour prototyping as way to try, evaluate, and discard potential solutions, building on the ideas that work.

Prototyping is a rapid and often inexpensive way of making an idea, or aspect of an idea, tangible. The intention of prototyping is to ‘test’ a solution to see if it has merit within its intended context. Based on that learning, we make changes - adding, adapting, or removing elements as we learn what works. It combats the tendency to spend significant time talking about whether something will work, and instead focuses on safely trying it out with the people who will use, deliver and manage the proposed solution.

Prototyping shouldn’t be confused with piloting. Pilots typically require significant investment, can be difficult to iterate (change) while in progress, and are often based on many untested and unidentified assumptions. After an idea has been prototyped and tested, and appears promising, we can move into piloting with more certainty and less risk.
 

Why is this mindset needed for social innovation?
 

Within the health and social care sectors it’s common to attempt to solve a problem and explore solutions through many meetings, and sessions with a number of advisory groups, working groups and committees. Much of the time, the people experiencing the problem, and who would likely be the users of the solution, are not a part of, or productively part of, those conversations.

It’s also common for project teams to take an idea from conception straight to implementation. When we skip prototyping, we miss testing the assumptions built into the idea (for example, who the audience is, what their needs are, how the solution will be delivered etc.) In essence, we’re just guessing about how and whether it will work. In guessing, comes risk. Risk that we’ve failed to explore the unintended consequences, risks that the idea will not meet its business or social objectives, risk of wasting time and money. Through the prototyping process we reduce our unknowns by testing assumptions, replacing them with knowns.

Prototypes helps show us the future, and talk about the future. The future is incredibly hard to experience in the present (funny that). It’s hard for us to think and talk about the future, or the future we want, in the abstract. Prototypes play a valuable role in bringing to life future-focussed scenarios, services, products, policies and environments - yet to exist. They allow us to provoke thinking, dialogue and design of new realities.

  Pop-up youth space in Kaitaia - created over several days in an abandoned shop with re-purposed and donated materials. 

Pop-up youth space in Kaitaia - created over several days in an abandoned shop with re-purposed and donated materials. 

What does learning by doing offer us?
 

  • New evidence. When a new solution is proposed, we commonly hear the critique “there is no evidence to support that”. Generally speaking, innovations have no evidence (yet). Evidence is only generated when a significant research can be undertaken, reviewed and published. Requiring new ideas to be evidence based seldom privileges the feelings, views and experiences of people who a solution is intending to support. Rather, it often privileges the views of professionals within a system who have had the opportunity to participate in formal research studies. Through learning by doing, we begin generating evidence that privileges voices less often heard or considered in traditional planning or governance processes.
     
  • Less waste. There are many products, services, programmes and policies being explored today. While this is exciting, it often leads to significant waste when things don’t work as they were intended to, or at all. The waste doesn’t just happen through financial resources, but also through people’s time, energy, optimism, and our finite environmental resources. If we learn things don’t work early on, we can abandon them early. This creates far less waste than abandoning a full scale pilot, expensive campaign, and/or national roll-out.
     
  • An end to circular conversations. Many of us relate to feeling frustrated sitting through meetings where an aspect of implementation is argued backward and forward. These conversations can be radically shortened (or made extinct all together) when we commit to learning by doing by getting out of the meeting room and into the real world. This requires us to commit to making decisions like - “I’m not sure how that would work, let’s get out and try it, the results will speak for themselves.” In this way of working, we value results from real testing, over opinions and guesses. Talking and reflecting between colleagues is important, but cannot be the only way of making decisions.
     
  • Creating buy-in. Different to many traditional styles of consultation, through creating and testing prototypes, people who will benefit from a solution are engaged as critiquers and makers. Instead of involving people when we’ve decided what we’re going to do, we involve them along the way as key decision makers. Through the prototyping process, we aim to demonstrate back to people how their feedback has been used, creating deeper connections and ownership of the idea or ideas we’re exploring.
     
  • Better decisions. Through prototyping, we test our assumptions. We test assumptions because we want to make better decisions, most likely to have a positive impact on people’s lives. Relying on the ideas and speculation of individuals within an organisations simply doesn’t help us discover powerful ideas reliably or inclusively. If we’re learning by doing, having all the right answers isn’t the objective. We don’t need to assume what to do next as the results of learning by doing will always point us there.


What does it ask of us?


Learning by doing has a close relationship to our mindset being comfortable with failure, as well as our curiosity mindset. If we’ve made something tangible, and are ready to test it, learning by doing asks that we:

  1. Test without attachment, and with an awareness of confirmation bias

  2. Engage our of our senses to learn

  3. Take pause from doing, creating space for honest reflection    

  4. Be willing to adapt or discard ideas that don’t have merit in their intended context

  5. Repeat this recipe, until we’ve tested all our assumptions.   
     

Learning by doing asks that we have the courage to embrace possible failure, step-outside our offices, as well as encouraging others to break free from traditional decision making and governance styles. Ideas that work for people in their contexts, can only be developed, refined and successful if they’re tested with those very same people.

At its core, learning by doing is a preference for action. It is a preference for doing, making learning, and experimenting, over talking. Social innovation and design evolve best through iterative cycles of doing and reflecting.